The study was very large and needed to be as complete as possible so,
apart from collecting additional data for the small number of cases in
which there were serious or potentially serious adverse outcomes, the
available data were limited to those measures where data are collected
routinely. This means that the number of positive outcomes where
comparisons can be made for the different planned places for birth is
limited. The study measured three ‘positive’ outcomes for mothers
and/or babies: immersion in water (i.e. use of a birth pool at any stage
during labour), having a normal birth, and whether the mother breastfed
her baby at least once. The results are:

• immersion in water – a minimum of three times greater for births
planned in all non-OU settings

• normal birth – higher for births planned in all non OU settings

• initiated breastfeeding - higher for births planned at home and in an FMU.