For healthy women with a straightforward pregnancy adverse birth
outcomes are uncommon. For women expecting a second or subsequent
baby, there was no significant difference between planning for a home
birth, using a birth centre separate from hospital in the community, a
birth centre on the same site as a full maternity hospital or a hospital
labour ward in terms of having a live, healthy baby. For women
expecting their first baby, the Birthplace study finds that the risk of
an adverse outcome for the baby among those who planned a home
birth was a little higher, with 1 in 110 births having an adverse
outcome, rather than 1 in 190 from planned hospital births. This
is a statistically significant finding. All the other planned birth
settings have the same chance of adverse outcomes for babies.