Cochrane Reviews are internationally recognised as the highest standard in evidence-based health care.

Cochrane Reviews are systematic reviews of primary research in human health care and health policy.

They investigate the effects of interventions (literally meaning to intervene to modify an outcome) for prevention, treatment and rehabilitation. They also assess the accuracy of a diagnostic test for a given condition in a specific patient group and setting.

There are a wide variety of Cochrane Systematic Reviews available from the Cochrane Library. Some of the most relevant reviews are listed below under the following: Pregnancy; Birth; Postnatal; Feeding babies.

Pregnancy

  • Management of reported decreased fetal movements for improving pregnancy outcomes
  • Psychosocial interventions for supporting women to stop smoking in pregnancy
  • Home visits during pregnancy and after birth for women with an alcohol or drug problem
  • Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy
  • Interventions for helping to turn term breech babies to head first presentation when using external cephalic version
  • Individual or group antenatal education for childbirth or parenthood, or both
  • Intramuscular versus intravenous anti-D for preventing Rhesus alloimmunization during pregnancy
  • Anti-D administration in pregnancy for preventing Rhesus alloimmunisation
  • Different communication strategies for disclosing results of diagnostic prenatal testing
  • Interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy
  • Alternative versus standard packages of antenatal care for low-risk pregnancy
  • Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy
  • Antenatal interventions for reducing weight in obese women for improving pregnancy outcome
  • Hospitalisation and bed rest for multiple pregnancy
  • Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy for  maternal health and pregnancy outcomes
  • Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma
  • Ultrasound for fetal assessment in early pregnancy
  • Planned early birth versus expectant management for women with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes prior to 37 weeks' gestation for improving pregnancy outcome
  • Interventions for preventing or reducing domestic violence against pregnant women

Birth

  • Planned elective repeat caesarean section versus planned vaginal birth for women with a previous caesarean birth
  • Planned hospital birth versus planned home birth
  • Midwife-led continuity models versus other models of care for childbearing women
  • Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth
  • Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviews
  • Position in the second stage of labour for women without epidural anaesthesia
  • Caesarean section for non-medical reasons at term
  • Perineal techniques during the second stage of labour for reducing perineal trauma
  • Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour
  • Continuous support for women during childbirth
  • Relaxation techniques for pain management in labour
  • Aromatherapy for pain management in labour
  • Acupuncture for induction of labour
  • Alternative versus conventional institutional settings for birth
  • Package of care for active management in labour for reducing caesarean section rates in low-risk women
  • Position in the second stage of labour for women without epidural anaesthesia
  • Methods of term labour induction for women with a previous caesarean section
  • Intravenous fluids for reducing the duration of labour in low risk nulliparous women
  • Maternal positions and mobility during first stage labour
  • Immersion in water in labour and birth.
  • Interventions for supporting pregnant women's decision-making about mode of birth after a caesarean
  • Restricting oral fluid and food intake during labour.
  • Active versus expectant management for women in the third stage of labour.
  • Alternative positions for the baby at birth before clamping the umbilical cord.
  • Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentation
  • External cephalic version for breech presentation at term
  • Outpatient versus inpatient induction of labour for improving birth outcomes

Postnatal

  • Psychosocial and psychological interventions for treating postpartum depression
  • Dietary supplements for preventing postnatal depression
  • Postnatal parental education for optimizing infant general health and parent-infant relationships
  • Pelvic floor muscle training for prevention and treatment of urinary and faecal incontinence in antenatal and postnatal women
  • Hypnosis during pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period for preventing postnatal depression
  • Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants
  • Telephone support for women during pregnancy and the first six weeks postpartum
  • Group-based parent-training programmes for improving emotional and behavioural adjustment in children from birth to three years old
  • Analgesia for relief of pain due to uterine cramping/involution after birth.

Feeding babies

Breastfeeding - Special Collection 
A selection of reviews have been brought together on breastfeeding after full-term pregnancies, including optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding, the promotion and support of breastfeeding, and maternal supplementation and antigen avoidance during breastfeeding.

Other titles include:

  • Antibiotics for mastitis in breastfeeding women
  • Interventions for preventing mastitis after childbirth
  • Antenatal breastfeeding education for increasing breastfeeding duration
  • Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies
  • Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding
  • Longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infants born at term
  • Early additional food and fluids for healthy breastfed full-term infants
  • Separate care for new mother and infant versus rooming-in for increasing the duration of breastfeeding
  • Effect of restricted pacifier use in breastfeeding term infants for increasing duration of breastfeeding
  • Methods of milk expression for lactating women
  • Avoidance of bottles during the establishment of breast feeds in preterm infants
  • Nutrient-enriched formula versus standard term formula for preterm infants following hospital discharge
  • Nutrient-enriched formula milk versus human breast milk for preterm infants following hospital discharge
  • Breastfeeding or breast milk for procedural pain in neonates
  • Separate care for new mother and infant versus rooming-in for increasing the duration of breastfeeding
  • Medications for increasing milk supply in mothers expressing breastmilk for their preterm hospitalised infants