There’s nothing like pregnancy for old wives’ tales. Here’s what to believe – and what to take with a pinch of salt (or gherkin, craving dependent).
'The best sleeping position in pregnancy is on your left side.’
The verdict: True. Sleeping on your left is better than your right as it lets blood flow well to the placenta. It also helps with swelling, as it helps your kidneys eliminate waste efficiently so you get less ankle, feet and hand swelling (NHS Buckinghamshire Healthcare, 2018; NHS Choices, 2018a).
Sleeping on your back will also give you backache and press on your bowel, causing constipation and even piles. Falling asleep on your back after 28 weeks can also double the risk of stillbirth.
‘Dads can show signs of pregnancy.’
The verdict: True. We know – weird, right? But men whose partners are pregnant can get pregnancy-related symptoms themselves. This is called ‘sympathetic pregnancy’ or ‘couvade syndrome’ and no one knows why it happens.
Men usually suffer from physical symptoms like nausea, heartburn, abdominal pain, cramps and backaches. They can also experience changes in sleeping patterns, anxiety, depression, reduced libido and restlessness (Independent, 2014; MayoClinic, 2016).
‘You shouldn’t get into a jacuzzi or sauna when you’re pregnant.’
The verdict: True. It’s not a good idea to use jacuzzis, saunas, hot tubs or steam rooms when you’re pregnant. This is because you need to avoid the risk of overheating, dehydration and fainting.
If you do use them, your body can’t lose heat effectively by sweating so its temperature rises. Blood flow to internal organs, like your brain, then decreases so that you feel faint (NHS Choices, 2016a).
‘You need to eat for two when you are pregnant.’
The verdict: Myth. When you’re pregnant, you do not need to eat for two, drink full fat milk or increase the amount of food they eat during the first six months of pregnancy. You only need an extra 200 calories a day in the last three months (Start for Life, 2018).
‘If you have bad morning sickness, you’re probably having a girl.’
The verdict: Myth. Hormonal changes during the first trimester are the most probable cause of morning sickness. It is very common in early pregnancy.
Several risk factors for morning sickness include having twins or triplets, or a history of morning sickness in previous pregnancies. Your baby's sex has nothing to do with it (NHS Choices, 2018b).
‘You shouldn’t eat spicy food during pregnancy.’
The verdict: Myth. It’s a myth that spicy foods can burn the baby’s eyes, resulting in blindness, or causes miscarriages. None of that is true.
The only reason to avoid spicy food is if you’re suffering from heartburn, when the spice could make it worse (NHS Choices, 2017). Other than that, go and order that Friday night jalfrezi.
‘Your sense of smell and taste changes when you’re pregnant.’
The verdict: True. One of the changes that you can notice during early pregnancy is that your senses are heightened. You might hate the idea of certain foods or drinks that you loved before. Some women even notice a strange metallic taste in their mouth and others have a much stronger sense of smell than normal (NHS Choices, 2016b).
‘If you have a high bump, you’re having a girl.’
The verdict: Myth. The shape of your bump is determined by the muscle tone in your stomach and the number of babies (Bellybelly, 2018). It definitely isn’t a predictor of your baby's sex.
‘The size of the bump indicates the baby’s health and wellbeing.’
The verdict: Myth. Every bump is different in the same way that every woman’s body is different. The size of the bump definitely doesn’t indicate the health and wellbeing of the baby. There is no definition or measure of what a ‘normal’ bump should look like (Tommy’s, 2018).
‘Frogs can be used to test for pregnancy.’
The verdict: A strange one but it’s true. Male and female frogs were used to test for pregnancy until the 1950s. They were injected with a women’s urine and if they were pregnant, visible eggs or sperm appeared (Berman, 1956).
‘Craving salty foods means you’re having a boy, sweet for a girl.’
The verdict: Myth. Cravings can be a sign of things your body needs, for example wanting to chew ice can mean a low-iron level (MayoClinic, 2018). But they aren’t a gender predictor.
The only real predictor of your baby's sex is a skilled sonographer and a scan room.
This page was last reviewed in May 2018.
Our support line offers practical and emotional support with feeding your baby and general enquiries for parents, members and volunteers: 0300 330 0700.
We also offer antenatal courses which are a great way to find out more about birth, labour and life with a new baby.
Bellybelly. (2018) Boy or girl? 16 Old wives tales and gender predictions. Available from: https://www.bellybelly.com.au/pregnancy/old-wives-tales-boy-or-girl/ [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
Berman RL. (1956) A critical evaluation of biological pregnancy tests. Am J Obs Gyanec. 72(2):349-362. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13339868 [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
Independent. (2014) Couvade syndrome: why some men suffer morning sickness and develop signs of pregnancy. Available from: https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/features/couvade-syndrome-why-some-men-suffer-morning-sickness-and-develop-signs-of-pregnancy-9757347.html [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
MayoClinic. (2016) Pregnancy week by week. Available from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/basics/healthy-pregnancy/hlv-20049471 [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
MayoClinic. (2018) Craving and chewing ice: A sign of anemia? Available from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/expert-answers/chewing-ice/faq-20057982 [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
NHS Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust. (2018) Frequently asked questions. Available from: https://www.buckshealthcare.nhs.uk/birthchoices/useful-info/frequently-asked-questions/ [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
NHS Choices. (2016a) Is it safe to use a sauna or jacuuzi if I’m pregnant? Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/chq/Pages/2402.aspx?CategoryID=54&SubCategoryID=131 [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
NHS Choices. (2016b) Signs and symptoms of pregnancy. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/signs-and-symptoms-pregnancy/#strange-tastes-smells-and-cravings [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
NHS Choices. (2017) Indigestion and heartburn in pregnancy. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/indigestion-heartburn-pregnant/ [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
NHS Choices. (2018a) Tiredness in pregnancy. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/tiredness-sleep-pregnant/ [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
NHS Choices. (2018b) Vomiting and morning sickness in pregnancy. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/morning-sickness-nausea/ [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
Start4life. (2018) Healthy eating. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/start4life/pregnancy/healthy-eating-pregnancy/ [Accessed 3rd May 2018]
Tommy’s. (2018) The size of a pregnancy bump does not indicate the health and well being of the baby. Available from: https://www.tommys.org/pregnancy-information/im-pregnant/pregnancy-news-and-blogs/size-pregnancy-bump-does-not-indicate-health-and-well-being-baby [Accessed 3rd May 2018]