It might not feel like it's time to rise and shine when your child wakes at 5.30am every morning. So here’s what you can do about early waking.
How common is it for children to wake up early?
There’s a big variation in the times under fives wake up, and even more variation for older children (Price et al, 2014).
It is normal for sleep patterns to change frequently in the first few years, and there is no consistent guide for all children. But from around 24 months, most toddlers are waking between 7am and 8am (Mindell et al, 2016).
Why does my child wake up early?
Before taking any action, it’s worth considering what the cause might be. Is something waking your child, such as a neighbour leaving for work or the heating coming on?
You could also consider whether your little one is actually getting enough sleep. Sleep patterns vary widely and some children need less sleep than others (Galland et al, 2012; Price et al, 2014). Maybe you just have an early riser. Sorry.
Children are more likely than adults to be early rising ‘larks’ rather than late to bed ‘owls’ (Roenneberg et al, 2007). Genes also influence our babies as larks or owls (Kalmbach et al, 2017). Is there an early bird in your relationship?
How do you stop your child waking too early?
If you’re not coping with your child waking early and you think they (and you) would benefit from more sleep, you could try the ideas below.
- If they’re getting cold in the morning, a sleeping bag is less likely to be kicked off than blankets.
- Toddlers sometimes wake because they need a wee, so putting them on the toilet late at night while they're still asleep might help them sleep for longer (this is sometimes called ‘lifting’).
- An earlier bedtime can help some children sleep for longer (Mindell et al. 2016), even though this seems counter-intuitive. For other children, gradually moving the bedtime later might shift the sleep period to a more manageable time (Millpond Children’s Sleep Clinic, 2016).
- If your child is ready to nap within an hour of getting up, this nap might be an extension of their night-time sleep. One strategy to try can be gradually moving this nap later each morning (Millpond Children’s Sleep Clinic, 2016).
- Too much sleeping in the day can be a cause of early waking. Your toddler might be taking daytime sleep from their night quota (Millpond Children’s Sleep Clinic, 2016).
What to do if your child really won’t go back to sleep…
If you feel your child is getting enough sleep, it might be that they are just waking at their natural time. Of course it's good that there’s no particular problem, but it can be hard to adjust to the fact that you now have a permanent pre-dawn alarm clock.
Here are some top tips:
- If you don’t feel ready to start the day at the same time as your early-rising child, try finding a way to persuade them to stay quietly in their own room. This gets easier as they get older.
- British summertime means it can be light quite early, so some black-out blinds could help convince your child that it is still night time. An alarm clock, or a ‘sunrise’ clock that gradually lights up at an acceptable wake up time, could also help them wait a while before bounding into your room. (See our article about how to help your baby adjust to clock changes for more ideas.)
- For older children, a ‘wake up’ bag with some favourite toys to occupy them might also buy you a few more Zzzs. Every few minutes count, after all. Older children might respond to using a reward chart each time they stay in their room.
- Some parents choose to bring their child into bed with them in the morning, and if you’re lucky they might settle back to sleep. If not, they might be entertained by some books or a toy while you rest a little longer.
And try to remind yourself that children’s wake times do generally increase with age. As we know, the teenage years are particularly associated with later waking times (Roenneberg et al, 2007)! Then you’ll be banging on their doors, trying to get them to wake up, so look at the positives now at least…
This page was last reviewed in November 2021.
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Galland BC, Taylor BJ, Elder DE, Herbison P. (2012) Normal sleep patterns in infants and children: a systematic review of observational studies. Sleep medicine reviews. 16(3):213-222. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21784676 [Accessed 17th November 2021]
Kalmbach DA, Schneider LD, Cheung J, Bertrand SJ, Kariharan T, Pack AI, Gehrman PR. (2017) Genetic basis of chronotype in humans: insights from three landmark GWAS. Sleep. 40:2. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28364486 [Accessed 17th November 2021]
Millpond Children’s Sleep Clinic. (2016) Teach your child to sleep: solving sleep problems from newborn through childhood. Hamlyn, London.
Mindell JA, Lee C. (2015) Sleep, mood, and development in infants. Infant Behav Dev. 41:102-7. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26386882 [Accessed 17th November 2021]
Mindell JA, Leichman ES, Composto J, Lee C, Bhullar B, Walters RM. (2016) Development of infant and toddler sleep patterns: real-world data from a mobile application. J Sleep Res. 25(5):508-516. Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jsr.12414 [Accessed 17th November 2021]
Price AM, Brown JE, Bittman M, Wake M, Quach J, Hiscock H. (2014) Children's sleep patterns from 0 to 9 years: Australian population longitudinal study. Archives of disease in childhood, 99(2):119-125. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24347573 [Accessed 17th November 2021]
Roenneberg T, Kuehnle T, Juda M, Kantermann T, Allebrandt K, Gordijn M, Merrow M. (2007) Epidemiology of the human circadian clock. Sleep medicine reviews. 11(6):429-438. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17936039 [Accessed 17th November 2021]