baby weaning

Baby-led weaning gives your little one the chance to pick up and choose what they eat. Here are 10 tips to help you get started with baby-led weaning.

You can look forward to seeing some priceless expressions as your baby tries their first foods. You’ll also find life is about to get a bit messier as your baby learns to pick up, drop and throw food. It can be great fun for your little one to explore new flavours and textures.

Here's how to get started...

1. Best age to start

The current advice is to introduce your baby to solids from six months old. At six months, most babies will be ready to try their first foods. They should also have the hand-eye-coordination they’ll need to be able to pick up food and feed themselves (NHS Choices, 2018).

2. Get your baby comfy

Sit your baby upright facing the table, either on your lap or in a highchair. Make sure they are comfortable, steady and can use their hands and arms freely. It’s important they are sitting upright and not distracted when eating, to help prevent choking (Rapley and Murkett, 2010).

3. Be prepared

Brace yourself for the mess. It won’t take long for your baby to learn to squash, drop and fling food. So it’s a good idea to have a high chair you can easily wipe down. Some parents put food straight onto their baby’s high chair tray instead of using plates and bowls.

You might also like to get a baby splash mat or floor mat. You could even find an old shower curtain that you can put down under the table. These can collect stray food, help protect your carpet and are easy to wipe down.

4. First foods

Softly cooked sticks or pieces of vegetables usually go down well with babies. First foods like softly boiled carrot, sweet potato or parsnip are often popular. One of the beauties of baby-led weaning is that your little one gets to explore a variety of types and textures of food straight away.

5. Baby’s in control

Baby-led weaning puts your little one in control – the decisions are theirs to make. So remember to offer food to your baby and let them choose what to pick up and take.

Try to avoid putting food into their mouth or persuading them to eat more than they want. Let them put food in their mouth themselves, so they can control it as it moves backwards.

6. Finger food for beginners

Thick sticks or long strips work well at first. Your baby might enjoy crunching on unsalted breadsticks, fingers of toast. You could also try chip-sized sticks of food like cooked carrot and pieces of apple.

You can get a bit creative if you like and use a crinkle cutter to help your little one get some extra grip on their stick-shaped finger foods (First steps nutrition, 2017; NHS Choices, 2018).

7. Family mealtimes

Include your baby in your meals whenever you can. If your family dishes are suitable, you can offer them the same food as the rest of the family. If you are planning to add extra salt or sugar you can serve out a portion for your little one before adding them.

Family meals are a chance to socialise too. Your baby will love to interact with family members and copy them eating. Even if it’s just you and your little one, you can keep it social by smiling, paying attention and chatting to them.

8. Timing is everything

Choose times when your baby is not tired or hungry, so they can concentrate. Mealtimes at this stage are for play and learning. So don’t hurry your baby or distract them. Let them take their time.

Initially, milk will still be their main source of food. So don’t worry too much about how many times a day or how much your little one is trying solids (NHS Choices, 2018).

9. Milk feeds

Carry on offering breast milk or formula feeds as before. Milk is still your baby’s main source of nutrition until they are one year old. When your baby needs less milk, they will reduce the amount of milk they drink themselves (NHS Choices, 2018).

10. Thirsty work

It’s a good idea to encourage your baby to drink water out of a cup from six months old. Offering your baby water to drink with their meals will help get them into good habits and keep them hydrated (NHS Choices, 2018).

This page was last reviewed in October 2017.

Further information

Our support line offers practical and emotional support with feeding your baby and general enquiries for parents, members and volunteers: 0300 330 0700.

You might find attending one of our Early Days groups helpful as they give you the opportunity to explore different approaches to important parenting issues with a qualified group leader and other new parents in your area.

Make friends with other parents-to-be and new parents in your local area for support and friendship by seeing what NCT activities are happening nearby.

First Steps Nutrition. (2017) Eating well: the first year. Available from:  https://static1.squarespace.com/static/59f75004f09ca48694070f3b/t/5a5a41479140b7e31a75ccbc/1515864404727/Eating_well_the_first_year_Sep_17_small.pdf [accessed 1st October 2017].

NHS Choices. (2015) Foods to avoid giving your baby. Available from:  http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/Pages/foods-to-avoid-baby.aspx [accessed 1st October 2017].

NHS Choices. (2018) Your baby’s first solid foods. Available from:   http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/Pages/solid-foods-weaning.aspx [accessed 1st October 2017].

Rapley G, Murkett T. (2010) Baby-led weaning: the essential guide to introducing solid foods and helping your baby to grow up a happy and confident eater.  London: Experiment LLC. [accessed 1st October 2017].

Further reading

Brown A, Harries V. (2015) infant sleep and night feeding patterns during later infancy: association with breastfeeding frequency, daytime complementary food intake, and infant weight. Breastfeed Med. 10(5):246-252. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25973527 [accessed 1st October 2017].

Brown A, Lee M. (2013) An exploration of experiences of mothers following a baby-led weaning style: developmental readiness for complementary foods.  Matern Child Nutr.  9(2):233-243. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22118242 [accessed 1st October 2017].

Carruth BR, Ziegler PJ, Gordon A, Barr SI. (2004) Prevalence of picky eaters among infants and toddlers and their caregivers' decisions about offering a new food. J Am Diet Assoc. 104:57-64. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14702019 [accessed 1st October 2017].

Grummer-Strawn LM, Scanlon KS, Fein SB. (2008) Infant feeding and feeding transitions during the first year of life. Pediatrics. 122 Suppl 2:S36-42 Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18829829 [Accessed 1st October 2017].

Hamosh M, Hamosh P. (1999) Development of digestive enzyme secretion. In: Sanderson IR, Walker WA (eds), Development of the Gastrointestinal Tract. B.C. Decker, Ontario, Canada, 1999: 261-71. [Accessed 1st October 2017].

Marasco L, Barger J. (1999) Cue Feeding: Wisdom and Science. Breastfeeding Abstracts. 18(4):28-29 Available from: http://www.ezzo.info/Aney/cuefeeding.pdf [Accessed 1st October 2017].

Munblit D, Peroni DG, Boix-Amoros A, Hsu PS, Land BV, Gay MCL, Kolotilina A, Skevaki C, Boyle RJ, Collado MC, Garssen J, Geddes DT, Nanan R, Slupsky C, We-gienka G, Kozyrskyj AL, Warner JO. (2017) Human milk and allergic diseases: an un-solved puzzle. Nutrients. 9(8) doi: 10.3390/nu9080894. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5579687 [Accessed 1st October 2017].

Du Toit G, Roberts G, Sayre PH, Bahnson HT, Radulovic S, Santos AF, Brough HA, Phippard D, Basting M, Feeney M, Turcanu V, Sever ML, Gomez Lorenzo M, Plaut M, Lack G; LEAP Study Team. (2015) Randomized trial of peanut consumption in infants at risk for peanut allergy. N Engl J Med. 372(9):803-13. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1414850. Available from: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1414850 [Accessed 1st October 2017].

Naylor, A.; Morrow, A. (2001) Developmental readiness of normal full term infants to progress from exclusive breastfeeding to the introduction of complementary foods: reviews of the relevant literature concerning infant immunologic, gastrointestinal, oral motor and maternal reproductive and lactational development. Available from: https://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pnacs461.pdf [Accessed 1st October 2017].

NCT. (2018) First aid: What to do if a baby (birth to 12 months) is choking. https://www.nct.org.uk/parenting/first-aid-what-do-if-your-baby-1-year-starts-choking [Accessed 1st October 2017].

NHS Choices. (2016)  Baby teething symptoms.  Available from:  http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/teething-and-tooth-care.aspx [Accessed 1st October 2017].

SACN-COT. (2016). Assessing the health benefits and risks of the introduction of peanut and hen’s egg into the infant diet before six months of age in the UK.

A Joint Statement from the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition and the Committee on Toxicity of Chemicals in food, Consumer products and the Environment. Available from: https://cot.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/jointsacncotallergystatementfinal2.pdf [Accessed 1st October 2017].

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